Historically (even prior to the Revelation of The Qur’ān), and especially contemporaneously (via the Collapse of the Ottoman-Empire), there’s frequently been this Kalām/Rhetoric amongst Elitists to retain/preserve their Powers of Populaces. With this being said, Muslim-Elites are clearly no different from our Non-Muslim Counterparts. However, unlike Non-Muslins: Muslims Past&Present, Pre-Qur’ān & Post-Qur’ān, etc. have continuously attempted to misuse at-Tanzīl/Revelation, Muslim Religio-Scholars, Islāmic-Concepts (like Waliyy-ul-Amr/Loyalty of Authority pertaining to Muslim-Leaders/Rulers) & so on to attempt to justify their Oppression against Others. And, it’s done in such Ways exclusively to preserve their Self-Serving Authoritarian-Control. Fortunately, for us though, in spite of their Oppressive-Tactics to attempt to convince Populaces that regardless of their Oporession that they’re entitled to receiving Respect, Loyalty, Obedience, etc. there exists Revelation to debunk any, every, all Things which Oppressive-Leaders/Rulers stand for. The following applies to any/all Manifestations, Forms, Degrees of al-Imārah (Leadership/Rulership) by the way.
یَـٰۤأَیُّهَا ٱلَّذِینَ ءَامَنُوۤا۟ أَطِیعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِیعُوا۟ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُو۟لِی ٱلۡأَمۡرِ مِنكُمۡۖ فَإِن تَنَـٰزَعۡتُمۡ فِی شَیۡءࣲ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَٱلرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡیَوۡمِ ٱلۡـَٔاخِرِۚ ذَ ٰلِكَ خَیۡرࣱ وَأَحۡسَنُ تَأۡوِیلًا
“Those whom believe pay attention: obey Allah & the Messenger, as well as the Possessors of Authority amongst you. If you differ, concerning anything, then refer to Allah & the Messenger, providing you believe in Allah & the Last-Day. That’s best & a most excellent Conclusion.”(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.4, V.59)
وَٱقۡتُلُوهُمۡ حَیۡثُ ثَقِفۡتُمُوهُمۡ وَأَخۡرِجُوهُم مِّنۡ حَیۡثُ أَخۡرَجُوكُمۡۚ وَٱلۡفِتۡنَةُ أَشَدُّ مِنَ ٱلۡقَتۡلِۚ وَلَا تُقَـٰتِلُوهُمۡ عِندَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِ حَتَّىٰ یُقَـٰتِلُوكُمۡ فِیهِۖ فَإِن قَـٰتَلُوكُمۡ فَٱقۡتُلُوهُمۡۗ كَذَ ٰلِكَ جَزَاۤءُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِینَ
“And combat them wherever you find them & expel them wherever they expelled you. And, Drama/Oppression is worse than Killing/Slaughter. But, don’t combat them within the Sacred-Mosque, unless you’re combated within it. So, combat them, if they combat you. Such is the Retribution of the Disbelievers.”(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.2, V.191)
`Abdullah ibn-`Uthmān ibn-`Āmir/Abū-Bakr as-Siddīq (May Allah be pleased with him), after the Death of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), assumed al-Imārah over the Muslims. Upon that, he publicly stated, “I have been granted Authority over you, in spite of not being the Best from amongst you. If I do well, then help me. But, if I error, then correct me. Empathy for Truth is Loyalty, whereas Apathy for Truth is Treachery. The Weak amongst you shall be Strong to/with me, unless/until I have secured/restored his Rights, if Allah wills. And the Strong amongst you shall be Weak to/with me, unless/until I’ve seized from him the Rights of Others, if Allah wills. So, obey me, so long as I obey Allah & His Messenger. But, if I disobey Allah & His Messenger, then you owe me no Obedience. Arise for your prayer: may Allah mercify you.”.(az-Zuhrī, ibn-Ishāq, ibn-Hishām, at-Tabarī, at-Tabarānī, as-Suyūtī, ibn-Sa`d, al-Wāqidī, ibn-Kathīr, Martin Lings)
Now, please, keep in Mind that Abū-Bakr is Unanimously-Recognized amongst the Scholars of the Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition as being the Best/Number-1 Companion of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) & the Most-Senior amongst all of his Companion-Peers (May Allah be pleased with them altogether)…this is what he stated concerning about his own Self, his own Imārah over the Muslims. So, upon that, whom’re we to posture as though we’re somehow Entitled to Imārah and/or Entitled to oppress via our Imārah without Consequence?!!! So, just know: it honestly really doesn’t matter which Muslim-Leader/Ruler, Muslim Religio-Scholar, egc. attempts to make you think/feel that you must obey them regardless of how they are. This “Be Patient with/Obedient to the Muslim-Leader/Ruler” Rhetoric only emboldens Oppressors to remain Oppressors. Basically, this Rhetoric spewed by Oppressors is like imposing Stockholm-Syndrome upon People: when the Oppressed begin to not only tolerate/accept Oppression, but also defend the Oppressor. And, that’s exactly what’s been happening within the Muslim-World for a Long-Time. Ironically, these Same-Oppressors command their Muslim Religio-Scholars to spew this Stockholm-Syndrome to their Populaces/Citizenry, merely because they don’t want what their Geo-Political Ancestors did to occur to them: pertaining to al-Kharajiyyah/Rebellion against the Ottoman-Empire for example, when the Muslim-Arabs assisted Non-Muslim Powers to fight against Fellow-Muslims, in the Name of al-`Asabiyyah/Xenophobia.(See: https://garethbryant.wordpress.com/2013/12/06/hujjahagainstsaudiarabia)
As per my Conclusion: don’t ever let anyone tell you to not, that you shouldn’t/can’t, that it’s Sinful to rebel against Oppression.
1441, A.H./2019, C.E.