Tag Archives: Belief

The Muslim’s-Guide to converse with Atheists/Anti-Theists:

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Author’s note:
Unfortunately, usually, when it comes to the subject of having any form of intelligent, civil discourse, with any Atheist/Anti-Theist, concerning Theism vs. Atheism/Anti-Theism, it ends up being a conversation that always goes on tangents, which are the faults of both Theists & Atheists/Anti-Theists, who engage in these types of conversations, debates, arguments, etc. However, ironically, for Theists, Muslims especially, they never realize (until it’s too late, and when they’ve said all of the wrong things, either inaccurately or completely out-of-context) that it’s never about “winning” an argument with any Atheist/Anti-Theist. The objective is to simply not lose an argument with an Atheist/Anti-Theist. We, as Muslims, have to be very intelligent, tactful, and wise, whenever conversing with people of an Atheist/Anti-Theist disposition. However, one of the major things which Muslims, Theists, generally, get caught-up with, when conversing with Atheists/Anti-Theists, is the whole “Scientific-Fallacy”…I’ll explain what I mean by “Scientific-Fallacy”.

This is what I mean by the “Scientific-Fallacy”:

Whenever Atheists/Anti-Theists converse with those who are Theists, they always, in order to dominate the conversation, drag the issue into the realm of Science, and then challenge people like us to formulate a Divinity-Theory/Law, in which we’re then pigeon-holed into trying to prove the existence of Allah via the “Scientific-Method”. And, ironically, sadly, we fall for this entrapment, every time/all of the time.

Now, the best way to counter this “Scientific-Fallacy” is simply the following:

Make the point that by using the “Scientific-Method”, to attempt to “prove” the existence of a “Divine-Creator”, is self-admission that Allah: the Creator/Lord of the Universe thus exists within the confines of the Physical-Universe. Now, we as Muslims, we know, based upon what Allah teaches us, in the Qur’an, that the Universe has 2-Dimensions: Physical & Non-Physical. Now, with Allah being who He is, we know that there is no way that He can possibly exist within either Dimension of the Universe, because He is Eternal/Non-Created: existing with neither a Beginning nor an Ending. Also, you can only use the “Scientific-Method” to detect the Existence of Things which exists within the confines of the Physical-Universe, and since this is the case, you cannot use the “Scientific-Method” to prove the Existence of Allah, and Atheists/Anti-Theists know this fully well. But, they also know that it’s so easy to trap-up Theists, who are not on to their entrapment. So, because one cannot use the “Scientific-Method”, to prove the Existence of Allah, that’s what Revelation is for. However, the Problem is that Atheists/Anti-Theists don’t recognize, respect, or accept Revelation. Basically, it gets to the point of the Atheist/Anti-Theist point of view having nothing to do with anything Scientific.

One of the other things that they challenge us to do is to disprove all of the “Scientific-Proofs” of things like “Evolution”. Even though, ironically, there still isn’t any definitive proofs for almost all of the elements of “Evolution”, “Darwinian-Evolution”, particularly, which clearly explains why generally, largely, “Evolution” is still, til this very day, classified as merely a “Scientific-Theory” as opposed to a “Scientific-Law”, especially in terms of determining the Origin of Man. And, if a Theist, a Muslim, especially, says that they even accept all that they interpret Science to be, which would include “Evolution”, but, that Allah is the one who is Responsible for all of what “Evolution” states takes place within the Universe, you will be plainly called “Wrong” by any Atheist/Anti-Theist, just because you testify that a Divine-Creator is Responsible for all that exists. And, this also proves that Atheism/Anti-Theism is an `Aqidah/Theology, because they believe in the non-existence of a Divine-Creator-even though they claim that Theists cannot provide proof for the existence of a Divine-Creator, they themselves do the exact opposite; but, ironically, they have no Proof: Empirical/Scientific Evidence for what they claim is the non-existence of a Divine-Creator. Also, one of the key things which Muslims must be careful of are the classic “Spin-Off Arguments” which Atheists/Anti-Theists love to use to make Muslims, and Theists generally, look really Stupid.

Typically, almost always, a Muslim/Theist in general, would say that nothing comes from nothing, that all which exists has an Origin. But, then, an Atheist/Anti-Theist would attempt to trip you up, and spin that Argument right back around towards you & then challenge you, as to why is it that Allah has no Origin, yet everything else does. And, the only way to dispute those varied “Spin-Off Arguments” is to simply use Revelation, which, unfortunately, they will deny. Honestly, that’s really the only edge that we, as Muslims, have over Atheists/Anti-Theists, Revelation: Islāmic-Texts (The Qur’ān & Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition. Simply from a Human-Level, we’re only 50/50 when conversing with Atheists/Anti-Theists, without referring to Revelation.

I say that for the following reasons:

Without the mercy & gift of Revelation, it is not at all possible to prove the Existence of Allah definitively. And, when it comes to the Belief in a Divine-Creator, when compared to the Disbelief of a Divine-Creator, with Revelation aside, we’re only at 50/50 with Atheists/Anti-Theists. Meaning, they can only disbelieve in a Divine-Creator, but, they have absolutely no Empirical/Scientific Evidence that a Divine-Creator doesn’t exist, it’s just that they’ve now replaced a Divine-Creator with their Intellect, Egos/Desires as their own Gods. While for us, without Revelation to substantiate our Belief, that’s all that it is, a Belief. And, this is why knowledge of Islam is so important for us to learn, know & live.

My conclusion:

This is not the only way to combat, ward-off Atheism/Anti-Theism. However, if one had no Idea how to, previous to reading this Article, then, I’m pretty confident that, with Allah’s Help/Guidance, this will empower Muslims with the Necessary-Tools to keep Atheists/Anti-Theists at bay, so as to not allow their Beliefs (rejecting the Existence of a Divine-Creator) to cause Doubts in the purity, authenticity of our Islamic-Beliefs.

Gareth Bryant/2013

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The Reality of the Nature of Allah:

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Author’s-Note:

For Additional-Info. regarding the Subject-Matter:

Allah is not Imageless – Permanent Committee

What I have to present is a very simple, concise, Treatise on the nature of Allah’s Existence, the splendor of His Exclusivity, and the magnitude of His Dominance over All-Things. I have taken upon myself to write something such as this, as a result of sitting in a class at NYC’s MECCA-Center on `Aqīdah/Islāmic-Theology, in which the Instructor (Amin Muhammad of Atlantic City, NJ) teaching this class mentioned some Things about Allah that didn’t sit right with me at all, in spite of this person mentioning Textual-Evidence from Various-Sources. The Premise of this Class was centered upon Literal & Allegorical/figurative aspects of Revelatory-Texts (the Qur’ān in particular), which highlight some Sifāt (Characteristics/Qualities) of Allah, in which persons (both classically, as well as contemporarily) have expressed Various-Madhāhib/Religio-Postures about. But, with me being me, the Position & Justification that he gave for his Theological-Stances weren’t good enough for me. So, of course, I had decided to take Pen-to-Paper, and here we are, with this Treatise, concerning the Nature of Allah.

My Objective, however, is not to call people out, or declare at-Takfīr (Blasphemy) upon any Muslim. Rather, it is only an honest, unbiased, simple, Attempt to clarify some Aspects of Allah’s-Nature, especially for those Muslims who may be Reverts/Non-Arabic speaking Muslims, and/or persons (both Muslim & Non-Muslim alike) who may legitimately be Oblivious/Ignorant to this Millenium-Old issue, concerning Allah’s-Nature: to make it plain. Everyone has Opinions, about who Allah is, how does He manifest His Divine-Qualities, what is the Extent, if any, of His Qualities , etc. This Treatise is not about this. It’s simply a Platform, to display Specific-Things which Allah establishes for Himself, in both the Qur’ān & Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition, about Himself/His Divine-Nature.

It is my Sincere-Hope that anyone & everyone may be able to benefit, in some way, from whatever I’ve written in this Treatise. I’m hopeful that this could inspire/empower others to, in fact, seriously study this subject matter, more extensively, for their own selves, in order to theologically empower & liberate one’s self, from the theological dominance of others, who may or may not have your best interests at heart. As Muslims, we owe it to Allah,then, to ourselves, to be theologically safe & free from theological flaws, mistakes, personal opinions of others & just stick to authentic stances, based upon authentic texts, from both the Qur’an & Prophetic-Tradition.

By the way, just for enforced Personal-Clarification: I am a Non-Sectarian Muslim, which means that I am not partial, nor biased, towards or against any particular `Aqīdah/Theological-School, Hizb/Sectarian-Group, Madhab/Legal-School, etc.

The Nature of Allah:

His Existence-
Allah is: Uncreated, Eternal, Divine, Perfect…completely unlike anything which has ever been, or ever will be, created. When describing Allah, firstly, it is of the Utmost-Importance to stay within the Authentic-Parameters of the Qur’ān & Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition, in regards to what Allah attributes to Himself, as well as to what Extent Allah goes to elaborate on certain and/or specific, Attributions about Himself. When it comes to how He exist, He in fact exists in an Eternal-Context. Meaning, He exists without having a Beginning or an Ending-This is the absolute basis of His dominance over all else which exists, aside from Himself.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.112, V.2; 42, V.11)

His Oneness/Uniqueness-
Allah is Absolutely-One/Singular, Completely/Ultimately-Unique, etc. This highlights His Divinity, His Exclusive-Right to be worshipped, at All-Times & in All-Places. This is important, because, when people commit themselves to Worship/take on Acts of Worship, they must be sure that it is Allah who is the Object of their Worship, and no one else whom exists. The best example of this is ash-Shahādah, itself. ash-Shahādah is the Religious-Testimony of Faith for Muslims.

It confirms 2-Things:

a. Our recognition/acceptance that there is no one who is worshipworthy, except Allah.

b. Our recognition/acceptance that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah, to be followed in All-Things, regarding the Proper-Way to be Obedient to Allah.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.47, V.19; Chpt.33, V.21)

His Names & Characteristics-
Any & all of Allah’s names & characteristics serve as Direct-Indicators of His Qualities, which are: Uncreated, Eternal, Divine, Absolute, Unlimited, Complete, Perfect & Positive, just like He is.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.7, V.180)

Allah’s Divine-Impossibilities:
There are very detailed things which are impossible for Allah, and before people get crazy, let me explain them-

a. It’s impossible for Allah to be created, age, or die-
Allah explains in detail, how this is an impossibility.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.112, V.2)

b. It’s impossible for Allah to be Multiple-
Allah is one, without being divided. He is perfectly individual.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.112, V.1; Chpt.2, V.163)

c. It’s impossible for to Allah to have Parents or Children-
Allah makes it crystal-clear that it is not from His divine-integrity to have parents or children.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.112, V.3)

d. It is impossible for Allah to be Dependant upon anyone or anything-
Allah needs nothing from anyone or anything, and, everyone & everything needs Allah.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.2, V.255; Chpt.31, V.26)

e. It is impossible for Allah to be a Tyrant-
This is based upon what Allah says about himself.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.18, V.49; an-Nawawī)

f. It is impossible for Allah to be Selfish or Cheap-
Allah gives of what he wills, how He wills, to whom He wills.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.5, V.64)

g. It is impossible for Allah to be Defeated/Subdued-
Allah can never be defeated or conquered by anyone or anything.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.6, V.28; Chpt.38, V.65)

h. It is impossible for Allah to have any Negative-Names, Negatives-haracteristics/Qualities. Allah is in possession of the best Names, Characteristics/Qualities, which are: Eternal, Positive, and Perfect, just as He is.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.2, V.286; Chpt.20, V.8; Chpt.7, V.180)

Allah’s Features:

a. Allah has a Nafs/Persona-
This is solely based upon the Fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having an actual Nafs/persona, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the Nafs/persona of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.5, V.116; as-Suyūtī)

b. Allah has a Face/Eyes-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself: within the Qur’ān, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him) via the Sunnah describing Him as having an Actual/Real-Face. This isn’t at all to be compared or confused with the Similitude of the Face of any Created-Thing.(Noble-Qur’ān: Chpt.52, V.48; 55, V.26 & 27; as-Suyūtī)

c. Allah has a Voice/Speech-
This is solely based upon the Fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself, in the Qur’an, as well in the Sunnah, as having an Actual/Real-Voice/Speech, not to be compared or confused with the Similitude of the Voice/Speech of any Created-Thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.4, V.164; as-Suyūtī)

d. Allah has Hands/Fingers-
This is solely based upon the Fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as the Sunnah, as having actual hands, not to be compared or confused with the Similitude of the Hands/Fingers of any Created-Thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.38, V.75; as-Suyūtī; al-Bukhārī; Muslim)

e. Allah has Shins-
This is solely based upon the Fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself, in the Qur’an & the Sunnah, as having actual shins, not to be compared or confused with the Similitude of the Shins of any Created-Thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.68, V.42; as-Suyūtī)

f. Allah has Feet-
This is solely based upon the Fact that Allah does in fact describes Himself as having actual feet, not to be compared, or confused with the Similitude of the feet of any Created-Thing.(Bukhari & Muslim)

Now, at this point, I will have to explain why some Muslims would have a Serious-Problem with what I’ve just mentioned:

There have been, classically & contemporaneously, (various Persons, Groups, Schools, etc.) those whom have taken a Theological-Position that the Features which Allah describes Himself with are only “Allegorical”, and not Literal/Real. This is based solely upon Interpretations of Linguistic-Nuances of the Arabic-Language, as opposed to what Allah has actually mentioned about Himself, what Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has mentioned about Him, what his Companions (May Allah be pleased with them altogether), and what the general Consensus of Muslim-Scholars of as-Salaf (the first three generations of Muslims, relative to the revelation of the Qur’ān) have commented on concerning the features of Allah. In fact, classically, the vast majority of the Salaf (as-Shābah/the Companions & at-Tābi`ūn/the Followers) have always taken a Neutral-Stance, regarding the features of Allah, that they are what they are, as mentioned, in both the Qur’ān & Sunnah, without attempting to explain them, nor denying the reality that these features actually exists…this is known as at-Tafwīd/Theoligical-Neutrality.(al-Barbahāri)

However, Persons have deemed it necessary to do one of 2-Things:

a. Negate the Reality that Allah has described Himself with these Features, giving them a Figurative-Definition.

b. Attempting to give the Features of Allah Form/Structure.

In all reality, both are equally Theologically-Dangerous.

This Particular-Debate (over the Extent of the Reality or lack-thereof concerning the Features of Allah), has been a (recurring, theological/scholarly) Debate, for the past Thousand-Years amongst Muslims. But, that’s not my Concern, to get caught-up with the Differing Scholastic-Opinions of Others. My Point here is very simple: there’ so many things about Allah’s-Nature, which we, as Created-Things will probably never know.

 

But, it honestly doesn’t even matter, for the Following-Reasons:

a. If it were really that important for us, as Created-Things, to know in detail, regarding the Features of Allah, then, Allah would’ve most definitely extended the definition of what His features are/are not, either in the Qur’ān/the Sunnah.

b. Debating over whether Allah has these Features or not will not get you any further in one’s Individual Islāmic-Development. I view this as a Waste of Time, for People to go back&forth: debating, arguing, attacking one another, verbally, sometimes, even physically, over these Theological-Issues.

There must/should be no Doubt, to any Muslim, that when Allah mentions something in the Qur’ān, or within the Sunnah, that He is not at all attempting to be deceptive. I mean, really…do you really think/feel that Allah: the Creator/Lord of the Universe would just mention that He possesses Features, for Himself, just to throw us off & confuse us, to have us at one another’s Throats (figuratively & literally)?!!!

What type of God do you think/feel you’re worshipping?!!! Allah never plays Practical-Jokes upon His Creation, nor does He deceive people, nor does He insult anyone’s Intelligence. However, because we may possess some Deficiencies of our own, due to our Egos/Desires, Lack of Intellectual-Vision and just plain ignorance of the knowledge of Sacred-Texts: we have a Tendency/Propensity to overcompensate for the Fact that we don’t comprehend something about Allah, by attempting to define it by ourselves, which in turns leads us astray.

Gareth Bryant/2012