Tag Archives: Ahmadi

The Necessity to adhere to both the Qur’an & the Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition jointly and indivisibly:

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It truly saddens me, so greatly, that there are Muslims whom dare say that it is not necessary to adhere to the Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) via Hadith/Ahadith (Prophetic-Statements, actions, allowances, prohibitions, etc. which have been recorded, codified, etc.), using the same “following the Qur’an is just enough” argument. Well, I’d really love to know what you’re actually able to implement, or achieve, Islamically, without the usage of the Sunnah/Hadith, because, the last time that I’ve check, there’s the necessity to adhere to the Sunnah/Hadith, in every single affair of ours, as Muslims, and I can definitely prove it.

Let’s get this convo rockin’ wit some “Fun-Facts”:

1. The word Hadith (pl. Ahadith), according to the Arabic-Language, means the following:

a. Statement

b. Story

c. Relation

d. Narration

e. Declaration

f. Proclamation

g. Report

h. Message

i. Record/Recording

j. Document/Documentation

(Lisan-ul-`Arab/The Language of the Arab: Lexicon of the Arabic-Language)

2. The Qur’an, itself, the entire canon of revelation, known as “The Book of Allah” is a Hadith…Allah states, within Surat-il-Kahf/the Chapter of the Cave, “Will you, yourself, grieve over their statements/lies, just because they do not believe in this Hadith?”(Chpt.18, V.6), also within Surat-id-Duha/the Chapter of the Morning, “And, proclaim the Favor of your Lord.”(Chpt.93, V.11)…In both of these verses, respectively, the word “Hadith” is directly used, as well as the verbal conjugative derivative of the verb which the word “Hadith” comes from is also used…the verb that the word “Hadith” comes from is “Haddatha”*, which means “To tell”.(Ibid.)

3. Both The Qur’an & Hadith/Ahadith were recorded/preserved during the lifetime of Muhammad (Peace be upon him).(al-Bukhari, al-Hakim, Fadha’il-ul-Qur’an, ibn-Hisham, al-Mustadrak) The Companions/Followers of Muhammad (Peace be upon him [May Allah be pleased with them all-together]) whom were able to both read & write, were commissioned, personally, by Muhammad, to document both the Verses of the Primary-Revelation/The Qur’an, as well as the Secondary-Revelation/the Sunnah, not to be included in the Mushaf/Textual-Document of The Qur’an itself…these persons are known as the following individuals:

a. al-Khulafa’-ur-Rashidun (the 1st Khulafa’/Islamic-Rulers [of the Muslims] after the death of Muhammad [Peace be upon him]):

`Abdullah ibn-`Uthman ibn-`Amir (Abu-Bakr as-Siddiq), `Umar ibn-ul-Khattab, `Uthman ibn-`Affan, `Ali ibn Abi-Talib.

b. al-`Asharat-ul-Mubashshirun (the 10-Companions promised Paradise (by name) during the lifetime of Muhammad [Peace be upon him]):

Abu-Bakr as-Siddiq, `Umar ibn-ul-Khattab, `Uthman ibn-`Affan, `Ali ibn Abi-Talib, `Abd-ur-Rahman ibn-`Awf, Talhah ibn-`Ubaydillah, Sa`d ibn Abi-Waqqas, Sa`id ibn-Zayd, az-Zubayr ibn-al-`Awwam, Abu-`Ubaydah ibn-il-Jarrah.

c. Nisa’-un-Nabi/the Wives of the Prophet:

Khadijah bint-Khuwaylid, Hafsah bint-`Umar (ibn-il-Khattab), `Ai’shah bint Abi-Bakr, etc.

d. Ahl-ul-Bayt/Members of the Prophetic-Household:

`Abdullah ibn-ul-`Abbas (ibn-`Abbas),  Khadijah bint-Khuwaylid, Hafsah bint-`Umar (ibn-il-Khattab), `Ai’shah bint Abi-Bakr, Abu-Bakr as-Siddiq, `Umar ibn-ul-Khattab, `Uthman ibn-`Affan, `Ali ibn Abi-Talib, Sa`d ibn Abi-Waqqas, etc.

e. Other various Companions:

Zayd ibn-Thabit (the Official-Scribe of Muhammad), Ubay ibn-Ka`b, `Abdullah ibn-Mas`ud, etc.

f. There’s even an official-account, by Harith ibn-Rabi` (Abi-Qatadah) whom personally asked Anas ibn-Malik whom were the documenters of The Qur’an, during the lifetime of Muhammad & Anas replied, “There were 4 & they were all from among al-Ansar/the Assistants (the 2nd-wave of early followers of Muhammad who helped al-Muhajirin/the Migrants spread Islam throughout the rest of the Arabian-Peninsula, outside of al-Hijaz [the traditional homeland of the Tribe of Muhammad: al-Quraysh, consisting of modern-day Jiddah, Ta’if, al-Makkah, al-Madinah, basically, the entire western-coast of the Arabian-Peninsula]): Ubay ibn-Ka`b, Mu`adh ibn-Jabal, Zayd ibn-Thabit and Abu-Zayd.(al-Bukhari)  al-Muhajirun were the 1st-wave of early followers of Muhammad, whom were forced to flee from left al-Makkah, because of strict persecution, by the Pagan-Arabs during the lifetime of Muhammad. al-Ansar gave al-Muhajirin asylum, in their city, (originally) known as Yathrib (later renamed al-Madinah [lit. “The-City”]).(ar-Rahiq-ul-Makhtum/the Sealed-Nectar: Biography of Muhammad)

Now, since we’ve clarified, quite thoroughly, I may add, concerning the legitimacy of the Sunnah/Hadith, then, one has to ask one’s self:

1. How can I be a Muslim, a Muslim whom places his/her trust in The Qur’an, while The Qur’an recorded/preserved, in written/documented, form, yet I reject the Sunnah, and ironically, both The Qur’an & the Sunnah were recorded/preserved literarily, literally, by the same exact persons?!!!

2. If I trust those whom Muhammad (Peace be upon him) had trusted, to document/preserve The Qur’an, then, why would/should/do I have any such issue with trusting these same exact individuals, when it comes to the documentation/preservation of the Sunnah?!!!

Yeah…I know…really good questions to ask one’s self, right…#ThinkAboutIt

I, personally, would really love to have some actual dialogue with these kinds of people, whom claim to be Muslims, and yet completely doubt/reject the entire validity of the Sunnah.

Gareth Bryant/2013

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The Reality of the Nature of Allah:

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Author’s note:
What I have to present is a very simple, concise, treatise on the nature of Allah’s existence, the splendor of His exclusivity, and the magnitude of His dominance over all things. I have taken upon myself to write something such as this, as a result of sitting in a class on `Aqidah/Islamic-Theology, in which the instructor, teaching this class, mentioned some things about Allah that didn’t sit right with me at all, in spite of this person mentioning evidence from various sources. The premise of this class was centered upon literal & allegorical/figurative aspects of revealed texts (the Qur’an in particular), which highlight some qualities & characteristics of Allah, in which persons, both classically, as well as contemporarily, have expressed various opinions about. But, with me being me, the position & justification that he gave for his stances weren’t good enough for me. So, of course, I had decided to take pen-to-paper, and here we are, with this treatise, concerning the nature of Allah.

My objective, however, is not to call people out, or declare heresy/blasphemy upon any Muslim. Rather, it is only an honest, unbiased, simple, attempt to clarify some aspects of Allah’s nature, especially for those Muslims who may be reverts/Non-Arabic speaking Muslims, and/or persons (both Muslim & Non-Muslim alike) who may legitimately be oblivious & ignorant to this millenium old issue, concerning Allah’s nature-To make it plain: everyone has opinions, about who Allah is, how does He manifest His divine qualities, what is the extent, if any, of His qualities , etc. This treatise is not about this. It’s simply a platform, to display specific things which Allah establishes for Himself, in both the Qur’an & Prophetic-Tradition, about Himself & His divine nature.

It is my sincere hope that anyone & everyone may be able to benefit, in some way, from whatever I’ve written in this treatise. I’m hopeful that this could inspire/empower others to, in fact, seriously study this subject matter, more extensively, for their own selves, in order to theologically empower & liberate one’s self, from the theological dominance of others, who may or may not have your best interests at heart. As Muslims, we owe it to Allah,then, to ourselves, to be theologically safe & free from theological flaws, mistakes, personal opinions of others & just stick to authentic stances, based upon authentic texts, from both the Qur’an & Prophetic-Tradition.

By the way, just for enforced personal clarification: I am a Non-Sectarian Muslim, which means that I am not partial, nor biased, towards or against any particular theological group, school, or scholarly standing, in regards to this issue, and various other Islamic, religious issues, which have been the source of many a debate, between Muslims, for the last 1,000 years.

The Nature of Allah:

His Existence-
Allah is uncreated, Eternal, Divine, Perfect, and completely unlike anything which has ever been, or ever will be, created. When describing Allah, firstly, it is of the utmost importance to stay within the authentic parameters of the Qur’an & Sunnah/Prophetic-Tradition, in regards to what Allah attributes to Himself, as well as to what extent Allah goes to elaborate on certain, and/or specific, attributions about Himself. When it comes to how He exist, He in fact exist in an eternal context. Meaning, He exists without having a beginning or an end-This is the absolute basis of His dominance over all else which exists, aside from Himself.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.112, V.2; 42, V.11)

His Oneness/Uniqueness-
Allah is one & absolute, completely & exclusively unique, as one who exists. This highlights His divinity, His exclusive right to be worshipped, at all times & in all places. This is important, because, when people take on acts of worship, they must be sure that it is Allah who is the object of their worship, and no one else who exists. The best example of this is the Shahadah, itself. The Shahadah is the religious testimony of faith for Muslims; it confirms two things: One, our recognition & acceptance that there is no one who is worshipworthy, except Allah. Two, that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah, to be followed in all things, regarding the proper way to be obedient to Allah.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.47, V.19; Chpt.33, V.21)

His Names & Characteristics-
Any & all of Allah’s names & characteristics serve as direct indicators of His qualities, which are: uncreated, eternal, divine, absolute, unlimited, complete, perfect & positive, just like He is.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.7, V.180)

Allah’s Divine-Impossibilities:
There are very detailed things which are impossible for Allah, and before people get crazy, let me explain them-

a. It’s impossible for Allah to be created, age, or die-
Allah explains in detail, how this is an impossibility.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.112, V.2)

b. It’s impossible for Allah to be more than one-
Allah is one, without being divided. He is perfectly individual.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.112, V.1; Chpt.2, V.163)

c. It’s impossible for to Allah to have parents or children-
Allah makes it crystal-clear that it is not from His divine-integrity to have parents or children.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.112, V.3)

d. It is impossible for Allah to be dependant upon anyone or anything-
Allah needs nothing from anyone or anything, and, everyone & everything needs Allah.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.2, V.255; Chpt.31, V.26)

e. It is impossible for Allah to be a Tyrant-
This is based upon what Allah says about himself.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.18, V.49; an-Nawawi)

f. It is impossible for Allah to be selfish or cheap-
Allah gives of what he wills, how He wills, to whom He wills.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.5, V.64)

g. It is impossible for Allah to be defeated/subdued-
Allah can never be defeated or conquered by anyone or anything.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.6, V.28; Chpt.38, V.65)

h. It is impossible for Allah to have any negative names, characteristics, or qualities-
Allah is in eternal possession of the best names, characteristics, and qualities-His names, characteristics, and qualities are eternal, positive, and perfect, just as He is.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.2, V.286; Chpt.20, V.8; Chpt.7, V.180)

Allah’s features:

a. Allah has a Nafs/Persona-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having an actual Nafs/persona, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the Nafs/persona of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.5, V.116; Tafsir-ul-Jalalayn)

b. Allah has a Face-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having an actual face, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the face of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.55, V.26 & 27; Tafsir-ul-Jalalayn)

c. Allah has Speech, as well as a Voice-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having actual speech, along with an actual voice, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the speech or voice of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.4, V.164; Tafsir-ul-Jalalayn)

d. Allah has Hands-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having actual hands, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the hands of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.38, V.75; Tafsir-ul-Jalalayn; Bukhari)

e. Allah has Shins-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having actual shins, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the shins of any created thing.(Noble Qur’an: Chpt.68, V.42; Tafsir-ul-Jalalayn)

f. Allah has Feet-
This is solely based upon the fact that Allah does in fact describe Himself, in the Qur’an, as well as Muhammad (Peace be upon him), in the Sunnah, as having actual feet, not to be compared, or confused with the similitude of the feet of any created thing.(Bukhari & Muslim)

Now, at this point, I will have to explain why some Muslims would have a serious problem with what I’ve just mentioned:

There have been, classically & contemporaneously, (various persons, groups, schools, etc.) those whom have taken a theological position that the features which Allah has described Himself with are only allegorical, and not literal. This is based solely upon interpretations of linguistic nuances of the Arabic-Language, as opposed to what Allah has actually mentioned about Himself, what Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has mentioned about Him, what his Companions (May Allah be pleased with them all-together), and what the general consensus of Muslim scholars of the Salaf (the first three generations of Muslims, relative to the revelation of the Qur’an) have commented on concerning the features of Allah. In fact, classically, the vast majority of the Salaf have always taken a neutral stance, regarding the features of Allah, that they are what they are, as mentioned, in both the Qur’an & Sunnah, without attempting to explain them, nor denying the reality that these features actually exists.(Kitab Sharh-is-Sunnah [Explanation of the Creed], by Muhammad al-Barbahari) However, persons have deemed it necessary to do one of two things: One, two either negate the reality that Allah has described Himself with these features, giving them a figurative definition. Two, attempting to give the features of Allah form & structure. In all reality, both are equally, theologically, dangerous.

This particular debate, over the extent of the reality, or lack-there-of, of the features of Allah, has been a recurring, theological/scholarly, debate, for the past 1,000+ years, among Muslims. But, that’s not my concern, to get caught-up with the differing opinions of others. My point here is very simple at this point-There are so many things about Allah’s nature, which we, as created things will probably never know, and, it doesn’t even matter, for the following reasons: One, if it were really that important for us, as created things, to know in detail, regarding the features of Allah, then, Allah would’ve most definitely extended the definition of what His features are, or are not, either in the Qur’an, personally, or impersonally, via the Prophetic-Tradition of His Messenger, Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Two, debating over whether Allah has these features or not will not get you any further in one’s development as a Muslim-Personally, I view this as a waste of time, for people to go back-and-forth, debating, arguing, attacking one another, verbally, sometimes, even physically, over this issue.

There should be no doubt, to any Muslim, that when Allah mentions something in the Qur’an, or through the Prophetic-Tradition of His Messenger (Peace be upon him), that He is not at all attempting to be deceptive. I mean, really…do you really think that Allah would just mention that He possesses all of these previously mentioned features, for Himself, just to throw us off & confuse us, to have us at one another’s throats (figuratively & literally), while we still at the end of the day don’t have a clue whether these features are real or not?!!!

What type of god do you think you’re worshipping?!!! Allah never plays practical-jokes upon people, nor does He deceive people, nor does He insult anyone’s intelligence. He makes things crystal-clear, all of the time, even when we deem things unclear, and, that’s solely the result of the fact that Allah has chosen to not disclose understanding to some of us, regarding things which may seem unclear.

So, never assume that Allah uses the “boogie-man” approach, in regards to defining Himself, either in His Book, or in the Prophetic-Tradition of Muhammad (Peace be upon him). He doesn’t want any of His creation, whom have been honored with being recipients of guidance, to ever fall into doubt or disbelief, about Him, via confusion about what is established in both the Qur’an & Sunnah. However, because we may possess some deficiencies of our own, due to diseases within our own hearts, lack of intellectual foresight, and just plain ignorance of the knowledge of sacred-texts, we have a tendency to overcompensate for the fact that we don’t comprehend something about Allah, by attempting to define it by ourselves, which in turns leads us astray.

Gareth Bryant/2012